Before getting started, we need to create the framework of math physics and engineering that could get us there; after all, it’s rocket science, not Rome, the Space Shuttle wasn’t built in a day.
6. Johannes Kepler
A staunch believer that the planets revolved around the Sun and not the earth
Johannes Kepler was the first person to accurately describe the planetary motion he studied recorded locations of the planets to understand the solar system, but Morris had his primary attention our neighboring planet appeared to move backward in retrograde motion occasionally, and no one could understand why after years of research Kepler uncovered the truth the planets revolve around the Sun in elliptical not circular revolutions thus Kepler’s three fundamental laws of planetary motion were born even today scientists use equations when calculating the orbits of planets and satellites
5. Isaac Newton
Who knew that when Isaac Newton watched an Apple fall from a tree that he would create the stepping stones for man to defy gravity and make it into orbit
Newton’s three laws of motion published in 1687 became the basic principles of modern physics with the help of Kepler’s third law Newton was later able to use these laws to create his theory of gravity these laws then allowed scientists to understand not only the forces of space but the capabilities of combustion and propulsion which are essential parts of rocketry.
4 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
Although he never went further than the theoretical Russian schoolteacher Konstantin Tsiolkovsky is one of the first real pioneers of modern rocket science his 1903 exploration of the world space with reaction machines was the first working proposal for space travel using rockets fueled by liquid hydrogen and oxygen this proposal also contained what is now known as the Tsiolkvosky formula an equation that explains the relationship between rocket speed gas fuel and masses his theories and methods are still used over a hundred years later, so it’s clear why Tsiolkovsky became known in Russia as a father of theoretical and applied cosmonautics.
3 Robert Goddard
in 1919 Robert Goddard claimed in his treatise a method of reaching extreme Heights that Rockets could one day be used for humans to reach the moon and he was made a laughing stock for it in the press still he never stopped working towards that dream and put his theories to the test on March 16, 1926. He launched the world’s first liquid-fueled rocket which rose 41 feet in the air and traveled 184 feet.
Goddard knew he was on the right track so he moved to Roswell New Mexico to continue his rocket studies from 1930 to 1941 he built and launched increasingly complicated rockets that move forward both rocket propulsion and navigation while he didn’t live to see the Apollo 11 launch or the Roswell UFO GADA received vindication posthumously for his belief in human engineering and is now recognized as the father of modern rocketry.
2 Hermann Oberth
Romanian born Hermann Oberth realized his calling early on in his life and by the time he was 14 he was planning the design of a recoil rocket capable of reaching orbit during his time in university he taught himself about gravitational pull and liquid rocket fuel something no one else around him was researching, and Goddard Oberth realized the achievements possible with multistage liquid-fuel rockets independently unlike Goddard three years before however when Oberth published his the rocket into interplanetary space in 1923 his declaration of space capable missiles earned him a claim rather than mockery.
The book proved to the world at large that these Rockets were the future up until his retirement in 1958 he aimed to make his ideas a reality and worked with both Germany and America to develop liquid-fueled rockets due to his significant influence Oberth is also regarded as the father of modern-rocketry and Astronautics oh there’s one more space pioneer to discuss there’s so many more I couldn’t get to is if someone not on this list II wish had been let me know your thoughts in the comments below.
1 Wernher von Braun
Since he was 17 years old, Verner von Braun dedicated his life to rocket science in the hope of one-day taking humans into space on October 3rd, 1942 he launched the world’s first spacefaring rocket the v2 ballistic missile following Germany’s fall in 1945 von Braun joined the American space research program and used his work on the v2 as a springboard for future American rockets he helped launch the U.S. as first satellite into space in 1958 quick on the heels of the Soviet Sputnik the year before with von Braun leading the development of Saturn rockets and NASA’s Apollo program he finally succeeded in what his predecessors had only dreamed of he took man to the moon.