The eyes are the window to the spirit, but just how special are yours. You’re probably familiar with the same old shades, but believe it or not, there are people with silver, violet, or even bright eyes out there.
Ice Blue Eyes
You probably know at least one person with blue eyes, but as it stands, only about eight to ten percent of the world’s population can say they have a pair of blue blinkers.
A research conducted by the University of Copenhagen in 2008, revealed that all blue-eyed people are descendants of the first light-eyed humans who emerged in southeastern Europe around 10,000 years ago.
Reason for this color
The amount of melanin determines eye color in your iris which is made up of the epithelium the back of the iris and the stroma which positioned in the front .while the epithelium contains dark brown pigments the stroma can sometimes be devoid of melanin making it translucent which is the cause of blue eyes.
Benefits of ice blue
Interestingly natural blue pigment doesn’t exist. It all has to do with the way light enters the eye while melanin absorbs light and presents it as Brown, blue eyes scatter light back into the atmosphere in what is known as a Tyndall effect similar to how the sky sometimes appears blue.
This ten-thousand-year-old genetic mutation affecting the oca2 gene created a switch that can turn off the production of melanin, meaning the transparent stroma presents his blue.
Blue eyes are even less common in people of Africa American descent, and in such cases, the iris can often appear as a piercingly beautiful eye blue.
Seventy-nine percent of us have brown eyes, but there is one rare variation which only five percent are lucky enough to possess, known as amber eyes.
People with genuinely amber eyes have a distinctly golden iris, which can range from a robust yellow hue to a coppery Russ at 10 giving someone a seriously penetrating gaze.
Reason for this color
This unique coloring is a result of reduced melanin levels alongside the increased presence of a yellowish pigment called lipo Chrome or pheomelanin. Once again the interference of light also has a lot to do with the way we perceive amber eyes through the process of Rayleigh scattering which determines the way we see colors based on how light is reflected in some conditions amber eyes might seem closer to brown or hazel, but under natural lighting, there is no mistaking they’re almost mythical golden glow.
Found in areas
This rare variation is sometimes also referred to as wolf’s eyes because such a vibrant coppery temp can commonly found in wolves as well as animals like Eagles owls and fish. Research shows that this color widely found in countries in Asia and South America, but the right amber eyes are still hard to come by.
So if you have them, you can consider yourself a particular number.
Green Color Eyes
Green eyes are probably one of the first that comes to mind when asked to list some of the most common colors humans can have, but people with genuinely green eyes only make up about 2% of the planet.
It’s easy to confuse green eyes with hazel which, while still very rare, contain distinct flecks of brown due to a concentration of melanin on the outside of the iris, making them seem almost multicolored.
Reason for the color
Truly green eyes lack this characteristic burst of brown or gold radiating outwards from around the pupil and instead have a more solid emerald shimmer which couldn’t be mistaken for blue or brown. Much like blue eyes, a natural green pigment doesn’t exist in humans. So what we see is created by a process called structural coloring. In this case, the iris has low levels of melanin alongside a small amount of yellow pheomelanin, meaning that when Rayleigh light scattering gives off a blue hue, this mixes with the field melanin to create green. Just like mixing primary colors in art class.
In a few parts of the world, green eyes are absent. While this beautiful variation can commonly found in places like northern and central Europe. Green eyes also usually occur more often in women, and some notable examples of green-eyed celebs include Adele, Emma Stone, and Amanda ciphered.
Claiming to have silver eyes might raise suspicions that you’ve inherited some supernatural genes, but about 1% of people out there do have grey eyes.
An individual with these mysterious peepers can have an iris that ranges from a Kohl steel to a smokier blue hue, but contrary to popular belief having gray eyes isn’t just a more creative way to describe a considerably pale blue shade.
Although significantly low melanin levels are again responsible for the translucent appearance of the stroma the iris does not reflect blue light due to a certain amount of excess collagen the presence of this collagen interferes with the way light reflects in the iris and the appearance of blue hues through the Tyndall effect is therefore blocked. Presenting a more solid gray color instead of in genetics, individuals said to have gray eyes when the dominant pigment inherited from their parents falls between blue brown and green.
Anthropologists theorized that early green-eyed humans lived around the vast mountain systems of Eurasia, and nowadays, lucky people with this rare eye color commonly found in North-Eastern Europe.
Your pupil, which is essentially a hole located within the iris, appears black because light rays entering and absorbed by tissues inside the eyeball. But is it possible to be born with entirely black eyes? The short answer is no unless you’re a demon because there isn’t a naturally occurring pigment capable of darkening your eye entirely.
But there are many reasons why a select few individuals might appear to have black eyes. If staring into someone’s eyes seems more like looking into an endless black hole, the likelihood is that they have an extremely dark brown iris, which is hard to distinguish from their pupils and any lighting.
The only naturally occurring colored pigment in the iris is brown, and this comes from melanocytes miniature melanin cells that absorb light rather than scattering. It means that the overproduction of melanocytes corresponds directly with darker eyes. So people with dark brown to black eyes have more melanin in their iris than the rest of us. A bizarre condition called aniridia can also be responsible for seemingly black eyes, though as a chromosome mutation causes an almost complete absence of the iris.
Effect of this color
In reality, there is a small ring of iris tissue, but the grossly and large pupil makes it impossible to spot. This rare disorder affects around one and 100,000 people and can cause side effects like light sensitivity and blurred vision.
You might have heard of the popular internet myth about a genetic mutation called Alexandria’s Genesis, which supposedly causes purple eyes during puberty.
While others might feel nostalgic over actress Elizabeth Taylor’s famous violet eyes but is there any truth behind this sought-after color put the chances of actually having such an unusual characteristic or second and none because there’s no purplish pigment capable of creating it.
However, in some instances like Elizabeth Taylor’s, the palest blue eyes with a tiny amount of melanin can have a violet tinge when particular light also reflects the blood vessels within the eye.
Interestingly Taylor’s amethyst eyes were also enhanced by a rare genetic mutation called distich Isis which caused her to have a freaky double row of eyelashes.
People with albinism also have a much higher chance of having violet presenting eyes because of the extreme lack of pigmentation in their skin, and therefore, melanin in their iris .a reduced number of melanocytes can cause almost colorless eyes which are easily affected by sun damage giving them a more purple view.
Albino fashion model Natasha Kumar OVA has fascinatingly beautiful eyes that can appear to file it under individual lights, but for the rest of us, it seems like having purple eyes will remain a pipe dream.
For centuries humans have associated red eyes with all things evil, and although we’re used to seeing red-eye and flash photography having a tremendous crimson vision is nothing but a work of fiction or is it.
As we’ve learned, Brown is the only pigment that can occur naturally within the iris, while all other colors are a result of varying degrees of light reflection, but red is a little more complicated. The average person can’t have genuinely red eyes. It is because for the iris to have a distinctly pink shade, there needs to be a complete lack of melanin and collagen deposits which allows light to bounce off the back of the eyeball the red color we then see is a direct reflection of the color of the retina and blood vessels in the eye which also makes them extremely light-sensitive.
Light can’t exit the eye this way under normal circumstances. So like this phenomenon, almost exclusively exists within people with albinism. This unusual process also occurs in albino animals like white rabbits albino hedgehogs are certain snakes. All of which have blood-red eyes due to a lack of pigmentation to control and filter out light.
Different Colored Eyes
Although a tiny portion of the world’s population does have unique eye colors.
Most of us will have brown or blue eyes, but some lucky individuals ended up with one of each this mind-blowing phenomena is known as heterochromia irritable, and it occurs of less than 1% of the world’s population. While incredibly rare, the unusual condition traced back to ancient times, and there’s even record of an Eastern emperor Anastasius who nicknamed decorously, which means to the pupil because he had different colored eyes, one blue and one brown.
In most cases, this unique characteristic is hereditary, but it can also be acquired later in life through illness, eye trauma, the use of certain medications, or even old age.
Surprisingly heterochromia Iridium occurs more commonly in dog breeds such as Huskies but us humans can develop the striking feature due to varying factors during infancy when eye color is still subject to change the effect that I might be hyperpigmented making it darker, or hypopigmented causing it to appear lighter due to an uneven concentration and distribution of melanin within the iris tissues heterochromia Iridium also happens to be one unlikely thing Mila Kunis, Josh Henderson and Michael Flatley all have in common.
So they’re rich and famous, and they get fresh eyes.
If there’s anything more refreshing than having two different colored eyes, it’s mixing those colors into one. This unbelievable variation is another strain of heterochromia Iridium known as sectoral heterochromia, and it’s just as rare.
You’d be lucky to encounter someone with this unique condition in your life in these unusual cases. The distribution of melanin across a single iris is distinctly non-uniform, which means that light is both absorbed and scattered from different areas of the stroma at once.
It mostly men of itself has a unique splash of brown or blue, which stands out against the dominant shade, but occasionally, a near 50/50 distribution can result in a breathtaking iris that split down the middle.
although officially classed as a rare disease sectoral heterochromia alongside heterochromia, Iridium poses no real health risk.
so anyone blessed with it can pride themselves on being unique plenty of celebs even have bearing degrees of this multicolored phenomenon. If you look close enough, including Benedict Cumberbatch Henry Cavill and Kate Bosworth.
Regular humans with cat-like eyes may seem like a plot for the most boring superhero movie ever made, but believe it or not, there is one rare condition that can make someone’s eyes seem nonhuman.
Cat-eye syndrome affects one and around 100,000 births and caused by a chromosome abnormality known as an inverted duplicated 22. It means that each cell has at least one extra chromosome made up of genetic material from chromosome 22, which leads to the characteristic size of the cat-eye syndrome.
The most visible being a distinctly elongated pupil, much like a feline reptile, this defect is scientifically known as an iris Columba which is a hole in the structure of the eye present during the early stages of prenatal development that fails to close. The often keyhole-shaped pupil can seem like it’s melting into the iris, making the color of the eye itself look swirled or spotted from a distance.
The condition occurs sporadically during the formation of a nagger sperm and can then be genetically passed down depending on the severity of the deformation affected individuals may experience impaired vision or even loss of sight.